Monday, 4 April 2016

10 Unexplained Archaeological Discoveries

Sometimes, Leading archaeologists got completely stumped, when they think about the archaeologists unearth items. It’s a shame that the same dubious artifacts get the lion’s share of attention on the Internet when there are so many true mysteries out there. From the Ancient Greek Antikythera Mechanism - known as the first ever computer - to the hundreds of mysterious stone spheres scattered across Costa Rica,  these are the 10 of the most bizarre and baffled discoveries from history. 

10.) The Codex Gigas:

 The Codex Gigas also known "The Devil's Bible" , is an bible combined with Myth and Mystery. Legend has it that the text was written by a 13th-century monk on the orders of the devil. This book is completed by the monk in a single night and Satan marked it with a portrait of himself. It is estimated that this manuscript is made out of 160 animal skins and should require two persons to lift the book and would have taken approx. 30 years to write the book. The handwriting in the book remains remarkably same throughout the book showing that the book written by a single person within a short period of time.

9.) The Piri Reis Map:

 This Map was discovered in 1929, written by Piri Reis(Admiral of the Turkish Navy) in 1513. This map represents Europe, the coast of Brazil, North Africa, and even Antarctica, Although it's thought that the continent wasn't discovered until more than 300 years later. Strangely, the map shows the Antarctica's features in ultra-careful detail including the areas that are covered in ice for the last 6000 years. Scientists got stunned by how Piri Reis would have been able to depict those places beneath the ice as accurately as he did.

8.) The Antikythera Mechanism:

 The Antikythera Mechanism, version the 'first Computer', which is a clock-like machine which discovered in 1902, near the Greek island of Antikythera. This machine is a 2000-year-old instrument and believed to be used by Ancient Greek Scientists for predicting the Astronomical Positions. The design of this machine is so complex and there are no contemporary documentations mentions about its mechanism. Also, the technology behind the mechanism was strangely forgotten and there would be no comparable inventions existed until the 14th century.

7.) The Rongorongo Writing:

RongoRongo is believed to be a form of early writing. These Glyphs are a series of wooden carvings which are discovered in 1864 on Eastern Island. Despite several attempts made by scientists, no one has ever been able to decode the meaning of those symbols. If the cryptic symbols do turn out to be writing, then this would be the one of the third or fourth of human-independent writings. Some scholars also believed that the translating the glyphs will solve the collapse of the civilization of Easter Island. But it looks unlikely that we will ever be able to find out the true meaning of these symbols.

6.) Baghdad Battery:

 The Baghdad Battery is a ceramic pot that was found near Baghdad, Iraq, along with a metal rod and a tube. It is believed that this Baghdad Battery has been used for coating silver objects with gold, known as Electroplating. Modern experiments on replicas of the vase show that this would have been theoretically possible and this invention is invented between 250 BC and 224 AD. This existence shows the understanding of electricity earlier than previously thought. 

5.) Roman Dodecahedrons:

 In the early 18th century, nearly 116 dodecahedral Roman artifacts have been discovered in various location starting from Wales to Hungary. These Bizarrely-shaped objects are made out of either bronze or stone and these ranges from 4cm to 11cm in size. No one knows for what these objects were used. Some predict that these objects are for religious significance because many of these objects were found in temples. Other ideas include that these are children's toys, instruments of war, candlestick holders, or even knitting aids. But, till now no one knows for what they were used.

4.) The Longyou Grottoes:

 The Longyou Grottoes are a series of manmade caves in china, constructed in 212 BC. This covers nearly 30,000 square meters, which includes a series of rooms, bridges, and pools. This cave was discovered in 1992 and represented as one of the largest excavations ever. But, no one knows how they were constructed. It is believed that  it would have taken 1,000 people working day and night over 6 years to complete this cave. Yet, no tools have ever been found in the area and there is no single reference to them in any documents from the era.

3.) The Yonaguni Monument:

 The Yonaguni Monument is an underwater Pyramid-shaped structure discovered in 1986, near the coast of Japan. Some leading experts say these are formed due to natural cause and some says it is a man-made monument. Prof. Masaaki Kimura said this monument is a man-made construction when the area was above sea level some 10,000 years ago. But, Boston's Dr. Robert Schoch, on the other hand, argues that these formations are caused due to the water erosion and earthquakes. There is no insufficient evidence on both sides of the debate to offer an undeniable conclusion.

2.) Costa Rica Stone Spheres:

 These stone spheres are ranging in diameter from a few centimeters to over 2 1/2 meters. These perfect stone spheres are the most famous unexplained discoveries in the world. These are founded in 1940's and since then over 300 of these stones have been found throughout the Costa Rican Jungle. They date back to between 500 and 1500 BC and no one knows what they were made for.

1.) The Sewer Of Babies:

 Archeologists discovered an Ancient Roman Sewer under a bathhouse in 1988, Ashkelon, Israel. They discovered nearly 100 newborn babies skeletons. None of these bodies showed evidence of disease or skeletal malformation and they had not died of natural causes. Due to the regularity of female in Ancient Rome, these sewers are used as a massive grave for unwanted daughters. Mysteriously, the archeologists found the large proportion of the bones belonged to boy babies. Till today, no one knows why such a large number of babies would be found in this specific location.

These are the 10 Unexplained Archaeological Discoveries which aren't explained till today.


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